measuring or covering a small length or distance, or a smaller length or distance than usual
He had short curly hair.
a short walk
a short skirt
of a person
small in height
She was short and dumpy.
lasting or taking a small amount of time or less time than usual
I'm going to France for a short break.
Which is the shortest day of the year?
a short book (= taking a short time to read, because it does not have many pages)
She has a very short memory (= remembers only things that have happened recently) .
Life's too short to sit around moping.
It was all over in a relatively short space of time .
of a period of time
seeming to have passed very quickly
Just two short years ago he was the best player in the country.
not having enough of sth; lacking sth
I'm afraid I'm a little short (= of money) this month.
She is not short of excuses when things go wrong.
lacking or not having enough of a particular quality
He was a big strapping guy but short on brains.
not easily available; not supplying as much as you need
Money was short at that time.
less than the number, amount or distance mentioned or needed
Her last throw was only three centimetres short of the world record.
The team was five players short.
She was just short of her 90th birthday when she died.
having difficulty breathing, for example because of illness
being a shorter form of a name or word
Call me Jo─it's short for Joanna.
file transfer protocol（文件传输协议）或简称FTP
file transfer protocol or FTP for short
of a person
speaking to sb using few words in a way that seems rude
I'm sorry I was short with you earlier─I had other things on my mind.
a short vowel is pronounced for a shorter time than other vowels
Compare the short vowel in ‘full’ and the long vowel in ‘fool’.
She suffered from shortness of breath.
of a person
stupid; not very intelligent
to give sb/get little attention or sympathy
to have a tendency to get angry quickly and easily
You may find your temper on a short fuse when confronting your teenager.
quickly and without trouble
concerning the immediate future
In the short run, unemployment may fall.
not existing in large enough quantities to satisfy demand
Basic foodstuffs were in short supply.
Sunshine will be in short supply for the west coast.
used when you are saying that sth is almost true, or is equal to sth
Last year's figures were little short of disastrous.
The transformation has been nothing short of a miracle.
to defeat, deal with sth/sb quickly
Liverpool made short work of the opposition (= in a football/ soccer game) .
He made short work of his lunch (= ate it quickly) .
pleasant but not lasting a long time
We haven't much time so I'll keep it short and sweet.
to be the person in a group who is chosen or forced to perform an unpleasant duty or task
I drew the short straw and had to clean the toilets.
足 / 不足量
the whole of sth or less of sth than you expect or should have
We experienced the full measure of their hospitality.
The concert only lasted an hour, so we felt we were getting short measure.
not long in advance; without warning or time for preparation
This was the best room we could get at such short notice.
You must be ready to leave at a moment's notice.
长 / 短 / 中期内
used to describe what will happen a long, short, etc. time in the future
Such a development seems unlikely, at least in the short term (= it will not happen for quite a long time).
of a person
if you go short of or run short of sth, you do not have enough of it
I'd never let you go short of anything.
Mothers regularly go short of food to ensure their children have enough.
They had run short of (= used most of their supply of) fuel.
not as far as you need or expect
All too often you pitch the ball short.
before the time expected or arranged; before the natural time
a career tragically cut short by illness
I'm afraid I'm going to have to stop you short there, as time is running out.
to suddenly feel an urgent need to go to the toilet/bathroom
to be put at a disadvantage
to have an accident; to get into trouble
to fail to reach the standard that you expected or need
The hotel fell far short of their expectations.
without sth; without doing sth; unless sth happens
Short of a miracle, we're certain to lose.
Short of asking her to leave (= and we don't want to do that) there's not a lot we can do about the situation.
to make sb suddenly stop what they are doing
I was brought up short by a terrible thought.
to not value sb/yourself highly enough and show this by the way you treat or present them/yourself
to suddenly stop, or make sb suddenly stop, doing sth
He stopped short when he heard his name.
a small strong alcoholic drink, for example of whisky
a short film/movie, especially one that is shown before the main film
in a few words
His novels belong to a great but vanished age. They are, in short, old-fashioned.
used when you are telling sb the essential facts about sth or what effect it will have, without explaining all the details
the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base
the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed
accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference
近义词: short circuit
create a short circuit in
cheat someone by not returning him enough money
tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening
- shortbread is a short crumbly cookie
- a short flaky pie crust
(primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length
- short skirts
- short hair
- the board was a foot short
- a short toss
primarily temporal sense;indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration
- a short life
- a short flight
- a short holiday
- a short story
- only a few short months
of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration
- the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt' are short
not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices
- a short sale
- short in cotton
lacking foresight or scope
- a short view of the problem
- shortsighted policies
- shortsighted critics derided the plan
- myopic thinking
(of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range
- a short memory
not sufficient to meet a need
- an inadequate income
- a poor salary
- money is short
- on short rations
- food is in short supply
- short on experience
less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so
- a light pound
- a scant cup of sugar
- regularly gives short weight
low in stature;not tall
- he was short and stocky
- short in stature
- a short smokestack
- a little man
quickly and without warning
- he stopped suddenly
in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner
- he told me curtly to get on with it
- he talked short with everyone
- he said shortly that he didn't like it
at a disadvantage
- I was caught short
so as to interrupt
- She took him up short before he could continue
at some point or distance before a goal is reached
- he fell short of our expectations
- the car's axle snapped short
without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold
- he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash