to put sth into a position so that it covers an opening; to get into this position
Would anyone mind if I closed the window?
She closed the gate behind her.
It's dark now─let's close the curtains.
I closed my eyes against the bright light.
The doors open and close automatically.
to move the parts of sth together so that it is no longer open
to close a book/an umbrella
to make the work of a shop/store, etc. stop for a period of time; to not be open for people to use
The museum has been closed for renovation.
The road was closed to traffic for two days.
What time does the bank close?
We close for lunch between twelve and two.
if a company, shop/store, etc. closes , or if you close it, it stops operating as a business
The club was closed by the police.
The hospital closed at the end of last year.
The play closed after just three nights.
to end or make sth end
结束会议 / 辩论
to close a meeting/debate
to close a case/an investigation
to close an account (= to stop keeping money in a bank account)
The subject is now closed (= we will not discuss it again) .
The meeting will close at 10.00 p.m.
The offer closes at the end of the week.
to be worth a particular amount at the end of the day's business
Shares in the company closed at 265p.
to make the distance or difference between two people or things smaller; to become smaller or narrower
These measures are aimed at closing the gap between rich and poor.
The gap between the two top teams is closing all the time.
to hold sth/sb firmly
She closed her hand over his.
to stop doing sth because you no longer believe you will be successful or will find a solution
The police have closed the book on the case (= they have stopped trying to solve it) .
of a business, etc.
to stop trading
The factory closed its doors for the last time in 2002.
to refuse to think about sth as a possibility
if a group of people close ranks , they work closely together to defend themselves, especially when they are being criticized
It's not unusual for the police to close ranks when one of their officers is being investigated.
if soldiers close ranks , they move closer together in order to defend themselves
to make it unlikely that sth will happen
She was careful not to close the door on the possibility of further talks.
to refuse to listen to sth
She decided to shut her ears to all the rumours.
to pretend that you have not noticed sth so that you do not have to deal with it
when a radio or television station closes down , it stops broadcasting at the end of the day
All the steelworks around here were closed down in the 1980s.
when the days close in , they become gradually shorter during the autumn/fall
if the weather closes in , it gets worse
when the night closes in , it gets darker
They huddled around the fire as the night closed in.
to move nearer to sb/sth, especially in order to attack them
The lions closed in on their prey.
to separate sth from other parts so that people cannot use it
The entrance to the train station was closed off following the explosion.
to sell goods very cheaply in order to get rid of them quickly
to finish or settle sth
A rock concert closed out the festivities.
to surround and cover sb/sth
The water closed over his head.
when a wound closes up , it heals
to hide your thoughts or emotions
She closed up when I asked about her family.
to shut and lock sth such as a shop/store or a building, especially for a short period of time
Why don't we close up and go out for lunch?
Can the last one out close up the office?
to come closer together; to bring people or things closer together
Traffic was heavy and cars were closing up behind each other.
to become narrower and less open
Every time he tried to speak, his throat closed up with fear.
the end of a period of time or an activity
at the close of the 17th century
His life was drawing to a close .
Can we bring this meeting to a close ?
near in space or time
Our new house is close to the school.
I had no idea the beach was so close.
The two buildings are close together .
This is the closest we can get to the beach by car.
We all have to work in close proximity (= near each other) .
The President was shot at close range (= from a short distance away) .
The children are close to each other in age.
Their birthdays are very close together .
almost in a particular state; likely to do sth soon
He was close to tears.
The new library is close to completion.
She knew she was close to death.
We are close to signing the agreement.
knowing sb very well and liking them very much
Jo is a very close friend .
She is very close to her father.
She and her father are very close.
We're a very close family.
near in family relationship
close relatives, such as your mother and father, and brothers and sisters
very involved in the work or activities of sb else, usually seeing and talking to them regularly
He is one of the prime minister's closest advisers.
The college has close links with many other institutions.
She has kept in close contact with the victims' families.
We keep in close touch with the police.
careful and thorough
Take a close look at this photograph.
On closer examination the painting proved to be a fake.
Pay close attention to what I am telling you.
very similar to sth else or to an amount
There's a close resemblance (= they look very similar) .
His feeling for her was close to hatred.
The total was close to 20% of the workforce.
We tried to match the colours, but this is the closest we could get.
won by only a small amount or distance
双方实力很接近的竞赛 / 比赛；胜负双方差距很小的选举
a close contest/match/election
It was a very close finish .
I think it's going to be close.
Our team came a close second (= nearly won).
The game was closer than the score suggests.
The result is going to be too close to call (= either side may win) .
almost bad result
used to describe sth, usually a dangerous or unpleasant situation, that nearly happens
Phew! That was close─that car nearly hit us.
We caught the bus in the end but it was close (= we nearly missed it) .
with little or no space in between
over 1 000 pages of close print
The soldiers advanced in close formation.
cut very short, near to the skin
a close haircut/shave
The donor's identity is a close secret .
She was kept under close arrest .
warm in an uncomfortable way because there does not seem to be enough fresh air
not willing to give personal information about yourself
He was close about his past.
not liking to spend money
She's always been very close with her money.
of a vowel
produced with the mouth in a relatively closed position
I sat and watched everyone very closely (= carefully) .
He walked into the room, closely followed by the rest of the family.
a closely contested election
She closely resembled her mother at the same age.
The two events are closely connected.
fighting at close quarters
used to tell sb that their attempt or guess was almost but not quite successful
a situation in which you only just manage to avoid an accident, etc.
a situation in which success or failure is equally possible
We got him out in the end, but it was a close thing.
if a remark or topic of discussion is close to home , it is accurate or connected with you in a way that makes you uncomfortable or embarrassed
Her remarks about me were embarrassingly close to home.
to watch sb/sth carefully
Over the next few months we will keep a close eye on sales.
having a lot of importance and interest for sb
near; not far away
They sat close together .
Don't come too close !
She held Tom close and pressed her cheek to his.
I couldn't get close enough to see.
A second police car followed close behind .
near; in a place where sb/sth can be reached easily
There are good cafes and a restaurant close at hand.
at a short distance (from sb/sth)
Our friends live close by.
The route passes close by the town.
She is close on sixty.
It is close on midnight.
a profit close to lb200 million
a situation in which sb only just wins or loses, for example in a competition or an election
in a position very near to sth
The picture looks very different when you see it close to.
very near in space to sb/sth
She snuggled close up to him.
to almost reach or do sth
He'd come close to death.
We didn't win but we came close.
to be nearly as good, fast, successful, etc. as sb/sth else
Germany ran Argentina very close in the final.
to keep your ideas, plans, etc. secret
to be fairly accurate in a guess, statement, etc.
to take a risk by doing sth that is dangerous or that may be illegal
especially in street names
a street that is closed at one end
the grounds and buildings that surround and belong to a cathedral
You can close and shut doors, windows, your eyes, mouth, etc.
shut可含发出较大声音之意，常见于slammed shut、banged shut、snapped shut（砰的一声关上）等短语中。
Shut can suggest more noise and is often found in phrases such as slammed shut , banged shut , snapped shut .
Shut is also usually used for containers such as boxes, suitcases, etc.
To talk about the time when shops, offices, etc. are not open, use close or shut .
What time do the banks close/shut?
A strike has shut the factory.
You can also use closed or shut ( NAmE usually closed ).
The store is closed/shut today.
Especially in NAmE , shut can sound less polite.
Closed is used in front of a noun, but shut is not.
a closed window
We usually use closed about roads, airports, etc.
The road is closed because of the snow.
Close is also used in formal English to talk about ending a meeting or conversation.
The adjectives near and close are often the same in meaning, but in some phrases only one of them may be used.
the near future
a near neighbour
a near miss
a close contest
a close encounter
a close call
Close is more often used to describe a relationship between people.
a close friend
You do not usually use near in this way.
the concluding part of any performance
近义词: finale,closing curtain,finis
the last section of a communication
- in conclusion I want to say...
the temporal end;the concluding time
- the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell
- the market was up at the finish
- they were playing better at the close of the season
近义词: stopping point,finale,finis,finish,last,conclusion
finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead
- The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning
complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement
- We closed on the house on Friday
- They closed the deal on the building
unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of
- close the circuit
- close a wound
- close a book
- close up an umbrella
近义词: close up
move so that an opening or passage is obstructed;make shut
- Close the door
- shut the window
- The windows closed with a loud bang
fill or stop up
- Can you close the cracks with caulking?
近义词: fill up
bar access to
- Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours
bring together all the elements or parts of
- Management closed ranks
- The probe closed with the space station
come together, as if in an embrace
- Her arms closed around her long lost relative
近义词: come together
change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact
cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop
engage at close quarters
- close with the enemy
finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.)
- The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board
cease to operate or cause to cease operating
- The owners decided to move and to close the factory
- My business closes every night at 8 P.M.
- close up the shop
近义词: close up,fold,shut down,close down
come to a close
- The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin
be priced or listed when trading stops
- The stock market closed high this Friday
- My new stocks closed at $59 last night
marked by fidelity to an original
- a close translation
- a faithful copy of the portrait
- a faithful rendering of the observed facts
rigorously attentive;strict and thorough
- close supervision
- paid close attention
- a close study
- kept a close watch on expenditures
not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances
- near neighbors
- in the near future
- they are near equals
- his nearest approach to success
- a very near thing
- a near hit by the bomb
- she was near tears
- she was close to tears
- had a close call
at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other
- close to noon
- how close are we to town?
- a close formation of ships
close in relevance or relationship
- a close family
- we are all...in close sympathy with...
- close kin
- a close resemblance
inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information
- although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it
- close quarters
(of a contest or contestants) evenly matched
- a close contest
- a close election
- a tight game
giving or spending with reluctance
- our cheeseparing administration
- very close (or near) with his money
- a penny-pinching miserly old man
used of hair or haircuts
- a close military haircut
fitting closely but comfortably
- a close fit
confined to specific persons
- a close secret
strictly confined or guarded
- kept under close custody
- a close weave
- smooth percale with a very tight weave
lacking fresh air
- a dusty airless attic
- the dreadfully close atmosphere
- hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke
near in time or place or relationship
- as the wedding day drew near
- stood near the door
- don't shoot until they come near
- getting near to the true explanation
- her mother is always near
- The end draws nigh
- the bullet didn't come close
- don't get too close to the fire
in an attentive manner
- he remained close on his guard