state of sth
the state that sth is in
处于糟糕的 / 良好的 / 极佳的状态
to be in bad/good/excellent condition
a used car in perfect condition
the state of sb's health or how fit they are
He is overweight and out of condition (= not physically fit) .
You are in no condition (= too ill, etc.) to go anywhere.
The motorcyclist was in a critical condition in hospital last night.
an illness or a medical problem that you have for a long time because it is not possible to cure it
a medical condition
He suffers from a serious heart condition .
the circumstances or situation in which people live, work or do things
生活 / 住房 / 工作条件
changing economic conditions
neglected children living under the most appalling conditions
a strike to improve pay and conditions
the physical situation that affects how sth happens
The plants grow best in cool, damp conditions.
freezing/icy/humid, etc. conditions
Conditions are ideal (= the weather is very good) for sailing today.
treacherous driving conditions
a rule or decision that you must agree to, sometimes forming part of a contract or an official agreement
the terms and conditions of employment
The offer is subject to certain conditions .
They agreed to lend us the car on condition that (= only if) we returned it before the weekend.
They will give us the money on one condition ─that we pay it back within six months.
They agreed under the condition that the matter be dealt with promptly.
Congress can impose strict conditions on the bank.
They have agreed to the ceasefire provided their conditions are met .
a situation that must exist in order for sth else to happen
a necessary condition for economic growth
A good training programme is one of the conditions for successful industry.
state of group
the state of a particular group of people because of their situation in life, their problems, etc.
He spoke angrily about the condition of the urban poor.
Work is basic to the human condition (= the fact of being alive) .
not in any situation; never
You must on no condition tell them what happened.
new or as good as new; in perfect condition
to train sb/sth to behave in a particular way or to become used to a particular situation
the difference between inborn and conditioned reflexes (= reactions that are learned/not natural)
Patients can become conditioned to particular forms of treatment.
The rats had been conditioned to ring a bell when they wanted food.
to have an important effect on sb/sth; to influence the way that sth happens
Gender roles are often conditioned by cultural factors.
to keep sth such as your hair or skin healthy
a shampoo that cleans and conditions hair
a polish for conditioning leather
The following adjectives are frequently used with these nouns.
State is a more general word than condition and is used for the condition that something is in at a particular time. It can be used without an adjective.
the present state of medical knowledge
We’re worried about his mental state.
What a state this room is in (= very bad) .
Condition is used with an adjective and refers especially to the appearance, quality or working order of somebody or something.
The car is in excellent condition.
These are all words for a medical problem.
a medical problem affecting humans, animals or plants, often caused by infection
He suffers from a rare blood disease.
a medical problem, or a period of suffering from one
She died after a long illness.
disease or illness?
Disease is used to talk about more severe physical medical problems, especially those that affect the organs. Illness is used to talk about both more severe and more minor medical problems, and those that affect mental health.
Disease is not used about a period of illness.
( rather formal ) an illness that causes a part of the body to stop functioning correctly
a rare disorder of the liver
disorder一般不传染，多与有关精神问题的词连用，如psychiatric/personality/mental/eating disorder（精神错乱；人格障碍；精神紊乱；进食障碍）。谈到身体方面的问题常与下列词连用，如blood/bowel/kidney disorder（血液病；肠道失调；肾脏疾病），这些疾病一般用serious、severe或rare等词修饰。
A disorder is generally not infectious. Disorder occurs most frequently with words relating to mental problems, for example psychiatric , personality , mental and eating . When it is used to talk about physical problems, it most often occurs with blood , bowel and kidney , and these are commonly serious , severe or rare .
an illness that is caused by bacteria or a virus and that affects one part of the body
a throat infection
a medical problem that you have for a long time because it is not possible to cure it
a heart condition
( rather formal ) an illness that is not very serious
( informal ) an infectious illness that is usually fairly mild
a nasty flu bug
the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition
近义词: experimental condition
information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
- another consideration is the time it would take
an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else
(usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement
- the contract set out the conditions of the lease
- the terms of the treaty were generous
a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing
- the human condition
a state at a particular time
- a condition (or state) of disrepair
- the current status of the arms negotiations
an illness, disease, or other medical problem
- a heart condition
- a skin condition
the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape')
apply conditioner to in order to make smooth and shiny
- I condition my hair after washing it
put into a better state
- he conditions old cars
specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement;make an express demand or provision in an agreement
- The will stipulates that she can live in the house for the rest of her life
- The contract stipulates the dates of the payments
develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice;especially to teach self-control
- Parents must discipline their children
- Is this dog trained?
establish a conditioned response