solid, firm or stiff and difficult to bend or break
Wait for the concrete to go hard.
a hard mattress
Diamonds are the hardest known mineral.
difficult to do, understand or answer
a hard choice/question
It is hard to believe that she's only nine.
It's hard to see how they can lose.
‘When will the job be finished?’ ‘It's hard to say (= it is difficult to be certain) .’
I find his attitude very hard to take (= difficult to accept) .
It's hard for old people to change their ways.
It must be hard for her, bringing up four children on her own.
We're finding reliable staff hard to come by (= difficult to get) .
full of difficulty and problems, especially because of a lack of money
Times were hard at the end of the war.
She's had a hard life.
needing or using a lot of physical strength or mental effort
It's hard work shovelling snow.
I've had a long hard day.
putting a lot of effort or energy into an activity
She's a very hard worker.
He's hard at work on a new novel.
When I left they were all still hard at it (= working hard) .
done with a lot of strength or force
He gave the door a good hard kick.
a hard punch
showing no sympathy or affection
My father was a hard man.
She gave me a hard stare.
He said some very hard things to me.
ready to fight and showing no signs of fear or weakness
Come and get me if you think you're hard enough.
You think you're really hard, don't you?
definitely true and based on information that can be proved
Is there any hard evidence either way?
The newspaper story is based on hard facts .
very cold and severe
It had been a hard winter .
There was a hard frost that night.
a drop of the hard stuff (= a strong alcoholic drink)
containing calcium and other mineral salts that make mixing with soap difficult
a hard water area
Our water is very hard.
used to describe a letter c or g when pronounced as in ‘cat’ or ‘go’, rather than as in ‘city’ or ‘giant’
hardness of heart
严厉对待，严格批评（某人 / 某事）
to treat or criticize sb in a very severe or strict way
Don't be too hard on him─he's very young.
to be difficult for or unfair to sb/sth
It's hard on people who don't have a car.
to be likely to hurt or damage sth
Looking at a computer screen all day can be very hard on the eyes.
to argue in an aggressive way and force sb to agree on the best possible price or arrangement
to deliberately make a situation difficult and unpleasant for sb
They really gave me a hard time at the interview.
especially after a negative
that cannot be changed in any circumstances
There are no hard and fast rules about this.
showing no sympathy, kindness or fear
used as a way of saying that you are sorry about sth, usually ironically (= you really mean the opposite)
difficult to understand or needing a lot of effort
I'm finding his latest novel very hard going.
used to tell sb that you feel sorry for them
‘Failed again, I'm afraid.’ ‘Oh, hard luck.’
by having an unpleasant experience or by making mistakes
She won't listen to my advice so she'll just have to learn the hard way .
to use more time or energy on a task than is necessary
used to tell sb you have been arguing with or have beaten in a contest that you would still like to be friendly with them
It looks like I'm the winner again. No hard feelings, Dave, eh?
to make yourself seem more attractive or interesting by not immediately accepting an invitation to do sth
needing too much effort
I can't be bothered making a hot meal─it's too much like hard work.
a person who is so good or successful at sth that it will be difficult for anyone else coming after them to be as good or successful
to have difficulty doing sth
You'll have a job convincing them that you're right.
He had a hard job to make himself heard.
a difficult problem or situation to deal with
in a situation where you have to choose between two things, both of which are unpleasant
with great effort; with difficulty
to work hard
You must try harder .
She tried her hardest not to show how disappointed she was.
Don't hit it so hard!
He was still breathing hard after his run.
Our victory was hard won (= won with great difficulty) .
with great force
Small businesses have been hit hard / hard hit by the recession.
very carefully and thoroughly
to think hard
We thought long and hard before deciding to move house.
heavily; a lot or for a long time
It was raining hard when we set off.
向左 / 右急转弯
at a sharp angle to the left/right
Turn hard right at the next junction.
to be or feel unfairly treated
She has every right to feel hard done by─her parents have given her nothing.
to find it very difficult to do sth
He was hard put to it to explain her disappearance.
to have too few or too little of sth
We're hard up for ideas.
very soon after
His death followed hard on hers.
to be very upset by sth
He took his wife's death very hard.
used to say that things change very slowly
very close behind sb/sth; very soon after sth
News of rising unemployment followed hard on the heels of falling export figures.
These words all describe sth that is not easy and requires a lot of effort or skill to do.
not easy; needing effort or skill to do or understand
The exam questions were quite difficult.
It is difficult for young people to find jobs around here.
not easy; needing effort or skill to do or understand
I always found languages quite hard at school.
It was one of the hardest things I ever did.
difficult or hard?
hard较difficult稍非正式，主要用于hard to believe/say/find/take等结构中，不过difficult亦可用于上述结构。
Hard is slightly less formal than difficult . It is used particularly in the structure hard to believe/say/find/take , etc., although difficult can also be used in any of these examples.
( approving ) difficult in an interesting way that tests your ability
difficult to do or deal with and needing a lot of effort, skill or patience
It is a technically demanding piece of music to play.
(often used in negative statements) difficult to do and needing a lot of mental or physical effort
This shouldn't be too taxing for you.
difficult to deal with and needing particular strength or abilities
It was a testing time for us all.
demanding, taxing or testing?
demanding是这组词中语气最强的，描述任务和经历，常与more、most或表示某方面有困难的副词连用。taxing主要用于否定句，指需要 / 不需要伤脑筋的问题或任务。testing描述经历而非任务，主要与time、week或year连用。
Demanding is the strongest of these words and describes tasks and experiences. It is often used with more or most or an adverb that says in what way the activity is difficult. Taxing is used particularly in negative statements and to talk about problems or tasks that need (or do not need) mental effort. Testing describes experiences but not tasks and is used particularly with time , week or year .
The adverb from the adjective hard is hard .
I have to work hard today.
She has thought very hard about her future plans.
It was raining hard outside.
Hardly is an adverb meaning ‘almost not’.
I hardly ever go to concerts.
I can hardly wait for my birthday.
It cannot be used instead of hard .
not easy;requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure
- a difficult task
- nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access
- difficult times
- why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?
characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion;especially physical effort
- worked their arduous way up the mining valley
- a grueling campaign
- hard labor
- heavy work
- heavy going
- spent many laborious hours on the project
- set a punishing pace
- hard dry rolls left over from the day before
unfortunate or hard to bear
- had hard luck
- a tough break
resisting weight or pressure
- took a hard look
- a hard bargainer
(of speech sounds);produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum
- Russian distinguished between hard consonants and palatalized or soft consonants
(of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source
being distilled rather than fermented;having a high alcoholic content
- hard liquor
given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors
- a hard drinker
produced without vibration of the vocal cords
- unvoiced consonants such as `p' and `k' and `s'
very strong or vigorous
- strong winds
- a hard left to the chin
- a knockout punch
- a severe blow
with effort or force or vigor
- the team played hard
- worked hard all day
- pressed hard on the lever
- hit the ball hard
- slammed the door hard
to the full extent possible;all the way
- hard alee
- the ship went hard astern
- swung the wheel hard left
slowly and with difficulty
- prejudices die hard
causing great damage or hardship
- industries hit hard by the depression
- she was severely affected by the bank's failure
- held hard to the railing
earnestly or intently
- thought hard about it
- stared hard at the accused
with pain or distress or bitterness
- he took the rejection very hard
very near or close in space or time
- it stands hard by the railroad tracks
- they were hard on his heels
- a strike followed hard upon the plant's opening
into a solid condition
- concrete that sets hard within a few hours
- he drank heavily